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I was educated at King Edward VI Nuneaton, and commenced my career as a Student Apprentice at Clarkson International, a manufacturer of machine tools.  After graduating with a 1st Class Honours Degree in Production Engineering from Lanchester College Coventry, I worked at the University of Birmingham on a research contract paid for by Clarkson’s, and took my PhD in the Forming of Tool Steels.  This work actually involved numerous impact investigations, which has been a recurring theme throughout my career.  I then became the Chubb Research Fellow investigating the high speed deformation properties of materials for use in safe and strong-room applications; again working in impact mechanics.  I was appointed as a Lecturer in 1973, progressed through a Senior Lectureship to the Jaguar Chair of Automotive Engineering in 1988, and was finally Head of Mechanical Engineering at Birmingham.  I spent the majority of my academic career researching Continuum Damage Mechanics and Finite Element Methods, and after being appointed as the Director of the Automotive Safety Centre I turned my attention to the deformation and damage of car occupants in impact conditions, again using Continuum damage mechanics concepts, in particular the application of the Clausius-Duhem Inequalty to injuries.  My current research interests cover fracture and fatigue of engineering materials, the thermomechanical modelling of injuries as damage to biomechanical systems, and the relationships between injury criteria for dummies and real world injuries via injury risk functions.








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